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Botanical name: Salvia Officinalis

Family: Lamiaceae

Garden sage or common sage, golden sage, kitchen sage, true sage, culinary sage, Dalmatian sage, and broadleaf sage.

The Latin name salvia comes from salvare ending up sage meaning "the herb that relieves or cures".

Plant Description

Sage is a perennial, evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves and blue to purplish flowers.Salvia fruticosa is known as the Greek sage or salvia officinalis.


The chief constituent of Sage and its active principle is a yellow or greenish-yellow volatile oil with a penetrating odour. Tannin and resin are also present in the leaves.


Sage plant has stomach, tonic and cardiotonic properties and is also used in neuralgia. Sage tea is used as an anti-perspirant (especially during the night sweat of tuberculous and neuropathic), in cases of injury of the mouth, thrush, pharyngitis and gingivitis. It is used to improve urinary abnormalities,and can minimize the symptoms of menopause.

Also, it has been considered an appetite stimulant, but above all it is an antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial.

Other utilities are cleaning of the blood and even improving liver functions. The decoction is taken and served immediately after being prepared. If it remains long enough with the boiled leaves, bitter substances grow in the beverage and its flavor becomes unpleasant.


Sage continues to be the focus of scientific research. In the latest edition of the journal "Pharmacology - Biochemistry and Behaviour" the published results of surveys of British scientists and universities NEWCASTLE and NORTHUMBRIA, confirmed for more properties of sage. New research has shown that sage as a beverage enhances and restores memory significantly. According to recent research, its use is of positive effect in treating Alzheimer's and * Hyperlipidemia. Information* Hyperlipidemia is a condition in which blood lipids are increased. The main blood lipids include: > cholesterol. > triglycerides. The lipids of the organism derived from both exogenous from food and secondly by the endogenous synthesis of these by the liver.

Over the past two decades a lot of emphasis has given on natural antioxidants. The observed sage antioxidant is a challenge for the understanding of the chemistry involved in the action of this plant. This is due to its ability to extinguish free radicals produced in humans by different mechanisms and that are responsible for or involved in many chronic diseases, such as cerebral dysfunction(eg the Alzheimer), cancer, cardiac disease and failure in immune system, which may arise due to cell damage due to the action of free radicals. The presence of antioxidants in our diet may be a way of treating these diseases.

Sage produces substances with antimicrobial activity , and that makes it useful for antiseptic applications, such as mouthwashes . Very important is the fact that in aqueous and alcoholic extracts of sage there are substances with antimicrobial activity. As a result it can be used in the treatment of diseases such as chronic bronchitis.

Other experiments in Sage, showed that it has properties with suppressive effect on the central nervous system.

It's a good medicine against the sluggishness of the stomach and intestines as well as disinfectant and expectorant for colds . It is considered tonic memory and combats dullness . Beyond traditional claims , it is proven that sage enhances the original natural hair color . Besides the significant use of sage in medicine, it finds application in other fields too. Thus, sage is used in the flavoring industry and as a flavoring in food. At the same time, its antioxidant activity makes it useful in the food industry as a preservative and is replacing synthetic preservatives.